200 million years ago, as America split away from Europe and Africa, creating the Atlantic Ocean, volcanic lava surged up from deep magma to form the basalt cliffs above my kayak. These cliffs known here as East Rock, which I see from our house near Yale, are among a few visible remnants of the world's largest known outpouring of volcanic rock, the "Central Atlantic Magmatic Province," now visible also in parts of the Atlas mountains of Morocco and the Amazon basin of Brazil. Kayaking beneath East Rock, under blue autumn skies and red-yellow autumn leaves, can feel almost globally grand!
With Evgeny Vlasov (left), the great ranger of Kronotsky zapovednik (Кроноцкий заповедник), July 12, near the hut he built 27 years ago, above Death Valley and the Geyser River, with view north to volcano Kikhpinych (Кихпиныч), in Kronotsky Zapovednik [Кроноцкий заповедник], Kamchatka, Russia, July 12, 2012. (Click here for some of my articles on Russia's nature reserve [заповедник] system.)
Dikiy Greben volcano [Дикий Гребень вулкан] above Kuril Lake [Курильское озеро]
Nikolai Kaliturin [Николай Калитурин] (top left), ranger and superb outdoor educator [инспектор и превосходный педагог], South Kamchatka Zakaznik [Южно-Камчатский заказник], leads through fields of purple Kamchatka Rhododendron (Rhododendron camtschaticum) and golden Kamchatka Cinquefoil (Potentilla vulcanicola) toward the summit of Dikiy Greben volcano [Дикий Гребень вулкан] above Kuril Lake [Курильское озеро]. — Kronotsky Zapovednik [Кроноцкий заповедник] in Kamchatka, Russia, July 22, 2012.
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